Holocaust

Destination Unknown

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This film is made up of the testimonies of 12 survivors. Each one is told in their old age, sometimes alongside pictures of them in their youths. For example, Roman Ferber recognises himself in footage of Auschwitz, a small boy in striped uniform looking through barbed wire. Others manage to recover photographs of their families.

These photos both haunt and, in a sense, orient them in their post-war lives. This is a film about the Holocaust, and about survival — how to live with such memories.

Denial

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In 1992 a group of Jewish socialists came together to write an Anti Nazi league pamphlet, “Holocaust Denial: The New Nazi Lie”, in response to the rise of Holocaust deniers, and in particular the British Nazi, David Irving.

The emergence of Holocaust Denial in the 1990s was not a coincidence. The British National Party (BNP) was making advances, as were Nazis elsewhere in Europe.

In 1993 the BNP won a council by-election in the Isle of Dogs, east London, and in the same year black teenager Stephen Lawrence was murdered near the BNP HQ in Welling, south London.

Son of Saul

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Son of Saul

It is a truism for revolutionaries that people make their own history but not in circumstances of their own choosing. But what of the men, women and children who have history thrust upon them, with cataclysmic consequences for their own personal circumstances?

Son of Saul tells the story of a man’s struggle to hold on to family and personal relationships and obligations in the hideous organised chaos of the Nazi gas chambers.

Nazi psychology

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Tom Kay’s article, Roots of the Holocaust (January SR), reminds us of the dangers of racism in a period of deepening crisis. He identifies the crisis of the petty-bourgeoisie as a key factor in the rise of anti-Semitism after the First World War. This crisis was rooted in the manner in which German capitalism developed in the late 19th century.

Roots of the Holocaust

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On the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, Tom Kay examines how anti-Semitism used by the German ruling class as a weapon against the workers' movement escalated into genocide.

In the course of the Holocaust 6 million Jews — two thirds of the entire European Jewish population — died at the hands of the Nazi murder machine. Adolph Hitler’s regime oversaw the killing of roughly 5 million socialists, communists, Roma Gypsies, Slavs, Christians, LGBT and disabled people.

Remembering Poland's hidden Jewish history

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The Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw

The opening of the Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw represents a milestone in confronting both the country's history and present day anti-Semitism, writes Andy Zebrowski.

Anti-Semitism remains the most common form of racism in Poland. The sweeping under the carpet of Jewish history is one aspect of this. The newly opened Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw is an important opportunity to remember the millions the Nazis murdered.

The museum is a splendid monument, majestic and architecturally interesting. It stands in the old Jewish area of Warsaw facing the monument to the Ghetto Heroes, where clashes between the Nazis and Jewish fighters took place during the Ghetto Uprising in 1943. But the museum deals with more than the Holocaust.

Legacy of Eichmann's trial

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Eichmann on trial

To mark the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the BBC is showing a dramatisation of the trial of Adolf Eichmann.

On 11 April 1961 the 55 year old Nazi Adolf Eichmann was marched into a protected glass booth in a Jerusalem court. His entrance heralded the beginning of the first internationally televised trial, broadcast for four months across 37 countries.
Newsreels flown daily to the United States were transmitted by all the major news networks. Opinion polls indicated 87 percent of the US public had heard of or read about the trial.

The Legacy of the Holocaust

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Victims of the Holocaust

As the Zionists’ use of the Holocaust to defend Israel’s racism and military aggression begins to falter, the need to insist on its universal lessons has become greater than ever.

The war crimes, terror and deliberate targeting of civilians by Israel in Gaza has raised a question: how could those marked by the worst genocide in modern history show such inhumanity to others? How could a people whose suffering has been subject to the worst form of historical denial in their turn deny the history, dispossession or even the “existence” of another people?

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